Description of Enzymes
Enzymes are proteins composed of amino acids. Enzymes are produced by all living organisms but are NOT themselves a living organism. As such, enzymes do not reproduce.
Enzymes are catalysts which accelerate reactions and biological activities in plants, animals and microorganisms. The enzyme is attracted to certain substrates and attaches, catalyzes the reaction, and after is released, unchanged, and ready to catalyze another reaction. An example is the human digestive tract secreting enzymes that break down food molecules into smaller components that facilitate quick absorption into the body.
Enzymes are highly specific and differentiate between slightly different substrate molecules. Each type of enzyme catalyzes only one type of reaction and will operate on only one type of substrate. This is known as the “lock and key” mechanism. For an enzyme to work, the specific type of molecule it activates must be present. If no such material is available, the enzyme performs no function.
Types of Enzymes
There are thousands of enzymes. Enzymes are categorized according to the compounds they act upon. Amylases break down starch into simple sugars, cellulases break down cellulose, lipases break down fats into glycerol and fatty acids, proteases break down proteins.
Where Do Enzymes Come From?
Enzymes have been isolated from every type of living organism; animals, plants and microorganisms all yield significant enzymes. Below is a list of industrial applied enzymes and their sources in nature.
PLANT based Enzymes
- Malted grains or tubers Amylase
- Pineapple Bromelin (Protease)
- Fig Tree Ficin (Protease)
- Papaya Papain (Protease)
ANIMAL based Enzymes
- Liver Catalase (Peroxide Breakdown)
- Calf Stomach Rennet/Chymosin (Milk Clotting)
- Hog Stomach Pepsin (Protease)
- Hog Pancreas Pancreatic Enzymes (Several)
- Digestive Tract Trypain (Protease)
MICROBIAL based Enzymes
- Fungi (Molds and Yeast) amylase
- beta glucanase
- lipase (many types of each)
BACTERIA based Enzymes
- lactase (many types of each)
A bacteria enzyme is a catalyst that breaks up long, complex, organic waste molecules (hydrolytic reaction) into smaller components that can be digested directly by the bacteria. This is known as bacterial digestion. The growing bacteria will then start to produce more enzymes, continuing to break down complex organic waste to be consumed by the bacteria. Creating a cycle of enzyme production and organic waste digestion until the organic waste is gone.
The bacterial enzyme is produced and used by the bacteria.
Biological Solutions Cleaner is a formulation of specific enzymes, bacterial, and nutrients. The cleaners contain enzymes that begin breaking down waste upon application, so that the bacteria can feed upon that waste and begin producing its own enzymes.
Biological Solutions blends only the highest of quality assured enzymes supplied through US leading manufacture. Cleaners are exclusively blended with quality assurance in the Northeast by a US leading blender of natural solutions.